BEING a parent can be daunting, especially when your child becomes unwell.
Now one first aider has revealed the five questions every parent must be able to answer in order to keep their little one safe.
Nikki Jurcutz, who works as the CEO on Tiny Hearts Education, challenged parents to see how many they could get right.
The paramedic and first aider said it's important that parents feel empowered to help their kids in their moment of need.
Posting to Instagram, she said you must be able to answer the below five questions.
1. What's the first thing you do if your child is choking?
If your little one has a complete obstruction, this means when something is blocking their airways and they can't breathe, then you need to call 999, commence back blows and chest thrusts.
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How to help your child if they are choking
Guidance from St Johns Ambulance states that if the child is coughing, encourage them to continue as they may be able to bring the object up.
If the coughing isn’t effective (it is silent or they cannot breathe properly), shout for help immediately.
If the child is still conscious, use back blows.
- Slap it out:
- Lay the baby face down along your thigh and support their head
- Give five back blows between their shoulder blades
- Turn them over and check their mouth each time
2. Squeeze it out:
- Turn the baby over, face upwards, supported along your thigh
- Put two fingers in the centre of their chest just below the nipple line; push downwards to give up to five sharp chest thrusts
- Check the mouth each time
3. If the item does not dislodge, call 999 or 112 for emergency help
- Take the baby with you to call
- Repeat the steps 1 and 2 until help arrives
- Start CPR if the baby becomes unresponsive (unconscious)
1. Cough it out
- Encourage the casualty to keep coughing, if they can
2. Slap it out
- Lean them forwards, supporting them with one hand
- Give five sharp back blows between the shoulder blades
- Check their mouth each time but do not put your fingers in their mouth
3. Squeeze it out
- Stand behind them with your arms around their waist, with one clenched fist between their belly button and the bottom of their chest
- Grasp the fist in the other hand and pull sharply inwards and upwards, giving up to five abdominal thrusts
- Check their mouth each time
4. Call 999 or 112 for emergency help if the object does not dislodge
- Repeat steps 2 and 3 until help arrives
- Start CPR if the person becomes unresponsive (unconscious)
5. Always seek medical advice if abdominal thrusts are used
All kids are at risk of choking – especially those under the age of three.
2. What is the compression to breath ratio on a child?
Nikki questioned what you would do if you walked in to find your child unconscious and not breathing.
If this happens, she said you need to know the correct compression to breath ratio, which is 30:2.
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Guidance from the NHS states that after every 30 chest compressions, you should give two rescue breaths.
In order to do CPR with rescue breaths, you must place the heel of your hand on the centre of the person's chest, then place the palm of your other hand on top.
Then press down by 5 to 6cm (2 to 2.5 inches) at a steady rate of 100 to 120 compressions a minute.
After every 30 chest compressions give two rescue breaths then tilt the person's head gently and lift the chin with two fingers.
NHS guidance states: "Pinch the person's nose. Seal your mouth over their mouth and blow steadily and firmly into their mouth for about one second. Check that their chest rises. Give two rescue breaths.
"Continue with cycles of 30 chest compressions and two rescue breaths until they begin to recover or emergency help arrives."
3. How dangerous is a febrile convulsion?
Febrile convulsions are fits that can happen when a child has a fever and most often occur between the ages of six months to three years, the NHS said.
Guidance states that most of the time they are harmless and that almost all children will make a complete recovery afterwards.
However, you should still take your child to the nearest A&E as a precaution or call 999 and ask for an ambulance.
Nikki said: "Children usually recover from febrile convulsions with no complications, however there are some risks associated with developing epilepsy."
4. What age should you introduce the most common allergenic foods by?
To reduce the risk of your child developing an allergy, Nikki said you need to introduce the top allergenic foods before the age of one.
The NHS states that these include:
- cows' milk
- eggs (eggs without a red lion stamp should not be eaten raw or lightly cooked)
- foods that contain gluten, including wheat, barley and rye
- nuts and peanuts (serve them crushed or ground)
- seeds (serve them crushed or ground)
- shellfish (do not serve raw or lightly cooked)
The NHS states: "These foods can be introduced from around 6 months as part of your baby's diet, just like any other foods.
"Once introduced and if tolerated, these foods should become part of your baby's usual diet to minimise the risk of allergy.
"Evidence has shown that delaying the introduction of peanut and hen's eggs beyond 6 to 12 months may increase the risk of developing an allergy to these foods."
5. How many vomits after a head injury indicates that you should seek urgent medical attention?
Nikki explained that more than one vomit is a sign of a serious head injury.
The NHS states that if your child has hit their head and has been knocked out, or if they are struggling to keep their eyes open you should go to A&E.
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If they have had a fit, fallen from height of more than a metre or are experiencing issues with their vision or hearing then you should seek emergency care.
Fluid coming from their ears or nose, numbness in their body or a head wound all warrant medical attention, NHS guidance states.
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