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Type 2 diabetes would seem benign were it not for the threat of rising blood sugar levels – the main sugar found in blood. It is an important source of energy and provides nutrients to the body but having too much of it can inflict damage on the vessels that supply blood to vital organs, thereby increasing the risk of heart disease and stroke. The pancreas is normally charged with regulating blood sugar – the organ secretes a hormone called that keeps a check on it. But when suffering with type 2 diabetes this is not always possible and as such a person may experience diarrhoea or gastroparesis due to high blood sugars in the body.
Digestion begins the minute you take a bite of food and ends a day or two later with a trip to the toilet.
The whole process is handled by the same part of your nervous system that controls other body functions that happen automatically, like breathing.
However, for a person with type 2 diabetes, having high blood sugar high could damage the tiny blood vessels and nerves in the body, including the digestive system.
A speed-up or slow-down of the process in your intestines could result in diarrhoea.
“People with either form of diabetes experience many of the same symptoms and complications. One such complication is diarrhoea,” said medical website Healthline.
“People with diabetes may often need to pass a significant amount of loose stool at night. Being unable to control a bowel movement, or having incontinence, is also common in people who have diabetes.
“You should see your doctor if you’re experiencing frequent diarrhoea. They will look at your health profile and assess your blood sugar levels.
“Because neuropathy is thought to link diabetes and diarrhoea, preventing your chance of neuropathy may reduce your likelihood of persistent diarrhoea.”
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Diarrhoea is also a possible side effect of other diabetes drugs including:
Another warning sign of type 2 diabetes causing unusual toilet habits includes gastroparesis.
Gastroparesis, also known as delayed gastric emptying, is a disorder of the digestive tract that causes food to remain in the stomach longer than it should.
This occurs because the nerves that move food through the digestive tract are damaged, so the muscles in the stomach don’t work properly.
As a result, foods remain in the stomach undigested.
The most common cause of this condition is high blood sugar levels and can develop and progress over time.
Gastroparesis is more common in people who have high, uncontrolled blood glucose levels over a long period of time.
Extended periods of high glucose in the blood cause nerve damage throughout the body.
For a person dealing with chronically high blood sugar levels, damage to the blood vessels that supply the body’s nerves and organs with nutrition and oxygen may occur.
This includes the vagus nerve and digestive tract, both of which ultimately lead to gastroparesis.
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